Comments by Dr. Raj Baldev, Cosmo Theorist
MIL/GBA, Oct 26, 2010
New Delhi, India: October 26, 2010 – IR Summary/GBA – Cosmo Theorist Dr. Raj Baldev, assailed the remarks of Activist Arundhati Roy who said Jammu and Kashmir is not an integral part of India. Dr. Raj Baldev traced the history to prove that Kashmir is integral part of India.
Cosmo Theorist Dr. Raj Baldev, who is the Lead Man of God Believers Association (GBA), formerly known as National Integration Assembly (NIA), dedicated to national and international integration & Word Peace, explained here today in his regular address to members and non members of his organization that the remarks of Activist Arundhati Roy are contrary to Accessional historical facts of Jammu & Kashmir; On the contrary, the remarks carry misguiding factors.
Cosmo Theorist Dr. Raj Baldev, said, “ I feel that Activist Arundhati Roy has created this controversy, perhaps, without going into the background of the whole affair.
“If Jammu & Kashmir is not integral part of India, it is also not the integral part of Pakistan,” Dr. Raj Baldev, Cosmo Theorist said.
Dr. Raj Baldev, Cosmo Theorist, who is also a famous Social Reformer, a greatly respected being multifaceted personality, who has been invited by different heads of state on goodwill mission abroad from time to time and also led various delegations of MPs on goodwill missions.
‘ I have been privileged to be near almost all the top leaders of this country as well as Mr. Jinnah and facts of Kashmir,” Dr. Raj Baldev, Cosmo Theorist, said.
Kashmir issue became the bone of contention between Pakistan and India not because it had a predominantly Muslim population ruled by a Hindu Maharaja, but liking for Kashmir State was already in Mohd. Ali Jinnah’s mind and soul and that’s why wanted to get it included in Pakistan. And when he could not succeed in getting it included into the state of Pakistan at the time of partition of India, he decided to get it by hook or by crook.
“I gave my views on Kashmir in chapter 5 titled “Pak Attempt to Grab Kashmir” in 1975.” Cosmo Theorist Dr. Raj Baldev said.
He further elaborated:
“What to talk of Kashmir, the idea of Pakistan struck to Sir Mohammad Iqbal, he had interpreted the assembly of words as under:
“P for Punjab, A for Afghanistan (North, West Frontier Province), K for Kashmir, S for Sind (Sindh) and TAN, last three words for Baluchistan. Thereafter the name of Pakistan was mentioned in 1933 by a group of some patriotic students at Cambridge.
When this matter was discussed by a national group of thinkers with him on the idea of Pakistan, Iqbal himself denounced this idea in 1930 at the Allahabad session.
To take the back thread for Activist Arundhati Roy, at the time of Partition there were around 555 small and big states whose allegiance to the British Crown were automatically ceased with the ending of the British rule and though they were independent principalities, their merger to either India or Pakistan were geographically important and they empowered to exercise their own options.
By August 1947, the heads of 552 States except those of Hyderabad, Kashmir and Junagarh agreed to sign Instruments of Accession and Standstill Agreements under which they had to surrender their powers in three fields, i.e. Foreign Relations, Defence, and Communications and maintaining unchanged arrangements in other matters.
Of 255 States, 216 smaller States were abolished as separate units and merged into the most geographically suited provinces; 275 were integrated to form five new unions, one ruler from each State taken as the head carrying an equivalent position of a provincial governor to be called ‘Rajpramukh’ and the solution of remaining 61 States immediately seemed inappropriate; they were thus taken under the direct administration of Government of India.
It was a big task accomplished by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patael, who was also States Minister; he persuaded the princes to accede to India with their own will and pleasure without any pressure after apprizing them of all the advantages of doing so.
Coming back to the topic of Kashmir, the Maharaja of Kashmir Hari Singh was absolutely free to accede to India or Pakistan but before he could arrive at such an important decision, the Pak tribesmen from the northwest frontier of Pakistan supported by Pak Army invaded Kashmir and made advances up to Srinagar.
The Maharaja of Kashmir got puzzled as to what right course he should adopt while the enemy had nearly encroached upon the capital of his State. So far the Army of his State was concerned, it neither was properly equipped nor was well trained to fight back the tribesmen who were reinforced by Pak regular forces at the base. Obviously, the only alternative left with the Maharaja was to approach India for immediate military assistance.
The Maharaja, on October 27, 1947, appealed the Indian Dominion to come to his rescue and simultaneously executed his willingness to accede to India, Jawaharlal Nehru, the then Prime Minister of India, after having emergent consultations with Lord Mountbatten, Mahatma Gandhi, Vallabhbhai Patel and other Members of Parliament, ordered air-lifting of para-troopers and armed forces to move against the invaders.
Neither war-maps, nor the exact fighting position nor any other military data were readily available with the Indian Army and Indian Air Force; still they managed to drop their para troopers to push back the tribesmen. It was a great risk taken by India; it is always criminal to risk the troops in absence of proper war-maps, conjectural assessment of the enemy strength and the latest battle position especially of the unfamiliar hills.
A fierce fighting went on both sides, One side Indian troops and on the other well equipped Pak regular soldiers in the garb of tribesmen; however, India won the battle and it was the first occasion after Partition when Pakistan played foul tactics and was defeated by the Indian Army.
In January 1948, India brought the case before the UN Security Council on the plea that the invaders were well trained, equipped and directed assisted by Pak regular Army at the rear. Though Pakistan denied the charges in the first instance but later on admitted.
A commission was appointed by the United Nations to arranges cease-fire which recommended that the future of Jammu & Kashmir should be decided by a plebiscite vide UN Resolutions dated 13 August 1948 and January 5, 1949. The hostilities in which both Indian and Pak forces were engaged came to an end with the cease-fire agreement of January 1, 1949.
As the Kashmir dispute pursued, it became worse and subsequently the cease-fire became a de facto frontier, each part of Kashmir being incorporated in practice in the territories of its occupying and supporting power. Many efforts were made by Gen. AGL McNaughton, Adm. Charles Nimitz, Sir Owen Dixon and Frank Graham between , 1950-1952, to sort out the problem but failed. Even Prime Ministers of India and Pakistan failed to reach any final agreement.
Technically and legally speaking, so far India is concerned, it is perfect within its right of holding its armed forces in Kashmir since the Maharaja of Kashmir had already executed the accession of his State to India and Pak claim becomes frivolous. The people of Jammu & Kashmir exercised their voting rights, chose their own govt. own representatives, naturally it is an integral part of India.
Tags: Kashmir, Integral Part, Activist Arundhati Roy, Dr. Raj Baldev, Cosmo Theorist, GBA, God Believers Association, National Integration Assembly, NIA, 555 States, Maharaja Hari Singh, acceded, Pakistan, Jinnah, Iqbal,