Thursday, April 7, 2011

Kashmir population multiplies by leaps and bounds-Jammu and Ladakh stagnant-Census 2011: Kashmir's population touches 1.25 crore

Srinagar, April 7 (IANS) The population of Jammu and Kashmir has grown to 1.25 crore from 1.1 crore recorded in 2001, according to the provisional census figures released here Thursday.

"The total population of the state has increased to 1.25 crore with 66.65 lakh males and 58.83 lakh females," said Farooq Ahmad Faktoo, chief principal census officer of the state.

"This is against the previous population figure of 1.1 crore recorded during 2001 census operations," he added.

Faktoo said the decadal variation in population as per the provisional census is 23.90 percent.

"The population density per square kilometre is 124 while the sex ratio is 892. The density was 100 per square kilometre in 2001 and the sex ratio was 886," he said.

"The literacy rate among the males is 78 percent while it is 58 percent among the females," the officer said.

Significantly, the population of the Kashmir Valley has gone up to 70 lakh while that of the Jammu region is around 53 lakh. The population in the Ladakh region is 2.80 lakh.

Interestingly also, there has been a drastic fall in child sex ratio as per the provisional census data.

"The child sex ratio (0 to 6 years of age) has fallen from 941 in 2001 to 859 in 2011 in the valley while the state's overall sex ratio has been pegged at 883 females per 1,000 males, indicating a fall of nine points compared to 2001 census," the principal census officer said.

"The census was done in two phases, first phase related to house listing, and the second phase to population enumeration. In the snowbound areas of Leh and Kargil, both the house listing and population enumeration operations were taken up simultaneously," Faktoo said.

"At least 27,500 enumerators and supervisors were trained for the census operation. We covered 21 lakh households, including institutional households like hostels and jails," the official said.

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